Even as many countries continue to bar travelers from the United States amid pandemic fears, the U.S. State Department revoked its global “Do Not Travel” warning, saying it was returning to country-specific advisories so that Americans could make informed travel decisions.
For guidance about the risk of Covid-19 and other threats, people can go to the State Department website where countries are ranked on a four-tier system. Or, they can go to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site, which uses three levels to give coronavirus information for travelers.
Unfortunately, the two federal agencies have some discrepancies that can be confusing. The British Virgin Islands, for instance, was given a Level 3 travel alert by the State Department. “Reconsider travel to the British Virgin Islands due to health and safety measures and COVID related conditions,” the State Department said on its website.
The C.D.C., meanwhile, listed the British Virgin Islands with such a “very low” risk for transmission of the potentially deadly virus that it didn’t even warrant a travel health notice.
For now, Americans don’t need to worry about making sense of the apparent contradiction, as the British Virgin Islands is closed to visitors from the United States.
The government’s Aug. 6 decision to rescind its four-month-old recommendation not to travel came despite the World Health Organization announcing during the first week of August that more than 18.5 million coronavirus cases had been reported worldwide and 700,000 people had died.
Would-be vacationers to countries that have started to welcome visitors from the United States may face quarantine and testing requirements, curfews, curtailed activities and services, and reduced flights. Passengers returning from foreign destinations are only allowed to land at certain airports in the United States where they will undergo enhanced screening. In addition, the C.D.C. advises Americans to avoid contact with others for 14 days after they return from international travel.
Here is a list of countries, in alphabetical order, that, as of Aug. 12, were open to U.S. citizens, or were expected to open soon.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania.
Anguilla is allowing limited entry to some travelers after extensive screening, but since the United States is generally considered a high-risk country, Americans will be far down in the queue. In addition to favoring those from lower-risk countries, priority will be given to visitors planning longer stays and to those with investments in the country. For now, people may apply to enter until Oct. 31. A new round of applications will begin at the end of September.
All visitors must have a negative PCR test taken three to five days before arrival. Another test will be given on arrival, on day 10 and — for those coming from higher-risk countries — on day 14. While not a full quarantine, visitors will have limited contact with locals during the testing period. Fees for the application start at $1,000 for two people and go up from there.
Air travelers over age 12 must complete a Health Declaration Form, a traveler accommodation form, and must provide a certificate of a negative coronavirus test taken within seven days of arrival. There may be further screening on arrival, and passengers must pay $100 for an additional test if health authorities decide one is needed. Visitors should self-monitor for Covid-19 symptoms for up to 14 days.
Passengers arriving by sea are subject to quarantine, usually for 14 days unless a negative test result is obtained.
Residents from nearly half of the states are considered to be at higher risk of Covid-19, and must upload proof of a negative PCR test taken between 12 and 72 hours before flying or they won’t be allowed to board their flight. Residents of the other states have the option of uploading a test or having one taken at the airport for $75. Travelers must quarantine at their lodging for up to 24 hours while awaiting results. All visitors must complete an Embarkation/Disembarkation card.
Island guests must also purchase mandatory Aruba Visitors Insurance to cover up to $75,000 in expenses should they test positive for Covid-19 during their stay. According to an online calculator, the premium for most visitors over age 15 who are staying for a week would be just over $100, and about $10 for those under 15.
All visitors must complete an online immigration and customs form within 24 hours of travel, and it is recommended that travelers have proof of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival.
Those arriving from the United States, considered to be a high-risk country, will be tested at the airport free of charge, but will be required to remain at the airport or a government-approved facility pending the results. If the test is negative, the visitor must still quarantine at an approved hotel or villa at their own expense, or at a government facility free of charge. The quarantine is generally for 14 days, but may be shortened to seven days if a second test taken five to seven days after arrival is negative.
In-transit passengers must have proof of a negative coronavirus test before landing.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus.
Bermuda has an extensive screening process in place and requires anyone age 10 and older to pay a $75 fee to cover the cost of mandatory in-country Covid-19 tests given at the airport, and again on days three, seven and 14 of a traveler’s stay. Visitors are also asked to bring a thermometer and a face mask.
In addition to being tested at the airport, travelers age 10 and older are asked to provide proof of negative coronavirus tests taken within three days of their flights to Bermuda (although tests taken within five days will be accepted). Those with proof of a negative test still must quarantine at their hotel for about eight hours pending the results of the airport test. Those arriving without proof of a negative test are confined to their accommodations for three days.
All travelers must complete an online travel authorization form within 48 hours of their flight, then take and record their temperature twice a day for the first 14 days of their visit. Children age 9 and younger don’t have to take virus tests, but pay a $30 fee.
Brazil is allowing people to arrive by air for visits of up to 90 days as long as they can show proof of health insurance that includes coronavirus coverage before boarding their flights.
As of Sept. 1, Costa Rica will allow entry to residents of New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine and Connecticut with a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Plans call for visitors from Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Colorado to be admitted as of Sept. 15, according to the country’s tourism board. A driver’s license is required to prove residency. Passengers on private flights will be allowed on a case-by-case basis. Visitors are required to have proof of medical insurance that covers up to $50,000 in coronavirus expenses, and $2,000 in hotel costs.
American tourists may visit only with proof of paid accommodation. Travelers must present a negative result for a Covid-19 PCR test taken within the previous 48 hours. If they have an older test result, the person can enter, but must self-quarantine until they can show another negative test, which would be taken at their own expense. Those without negative results must self-quarantine for 14 days.
Travelers need to fill out an online health questionnaire and must show proof of a negative PCR test result taken 24 to 72 hours before arrival.
Additional screening at the airport may mean that some travelers are required to take another test, and need to quarantine at their hotel while awaiting the results.
All passengers over age 5 must show proof of a negative PCR test result, no older than five days before their arrival date. If no proof of testing is available, a quick test will be performed at no charge.
Curfews are in effect, however international visitors may be transported to their hotel during those hours.
Americans are allowed to enter with proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken no more than 10 days before entry. Travelers without the test may take one at their own expense upon arrival. They must quarantine at their accommodation pending a negative test result, according to the U.S. Embassy in Ecuador.
Americans are allowed to enter with proof (on paper) of a negative Covid-19 test. Currently, the test must be taken within 72 hours of arrival, but on Sept. 1, that will be shortened to no more than 48 hours, and applies to everyone over age 6. Tourists traveling to the Red Sea, South Sinai and Matrouh are exempt, but will not be allowed to travel to other areas without a negative test result. Proof of health insurance is required, according to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt.
St. Barts requires visitors age 11 and older to show a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Those staying longer than a week must take an additional test at their own expense on the eighth day of their trips. Those who didn’t take the pre-arrival test, or those who test positive on the island, must self-quarantine for 14 days or until they get a negative re-test. Guadeloupe, Martinique and French St. Martin are not allowing visitors from the United States until at least Sept. 4.
Travelers to French Polynesia, including the islands of Tahiti and Bora Bora, must show proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within the previous 72 hours in order to board their flights. Those arriving at the airport will be given a test kit for the virus that contains an oral and nasal swab, and on the fourth day in the islands, the visitor must complete the self-test. Tourists must also complete an electronic entry form attesting that they have travel insurance that would cover coronavirus expenses, or agreeing to personally assume all costs.
For now, only chartered flights are allowed from the United States, and the passengers who arrive must quarantine for up to two weeks.
Proof of a negative virus test taken within seven days of visiting is required before entering the country, and visitors need to take another test at the airport or within 48 hours of landing. Travelers must also download and adhere to the requirements outlined on a Covid-19 tracing app, or face a possible $1,000 fine and up to a year in prison.
Authorities are asking nonessential travelers not to visit the Republic of Ireland, but those who do are asked to self-quarantine for 14 days.
Tourists age 12 and older arriving from the United States must upload a negative Covid-19 test that was taken within 10 days of their arrival date. All passengers must complete a Travel Authorization screening form within 72 hours of their trip and present it at the airport or they will not be allowed to board the airplane.
Arriving passengers may be required to take a test. If so, the individual must quarantine at their accommodation or at a government facility until the results are available, generally within 48 hours. Those who aren’t staying within the “resilient corridor,” where operators have been trained in Covid-19 protocols, will be electronically monitored during this time.
If the test is negative, people staying at a hotel or resort within the corridor must stay on the property unless they are visiting select attractions within the corridor via approved transportation providers. Those not staying in the corridor must quarantine for 14 days from the date they entered Jamaica, leaving only once per day to get necessities.
Asymptomatic visitors to Kenya from the United States who have proof of a negative Covid-19 test within the previous four days do not need to quarantine for 14 days unless they are from California, Florida or Texas.
Americans are allowed to enter. No coronavirus test is needed and there are no quarantine requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo.
Visitors must have a confirmed booking at a tourist facility and the entire vacation needs to be at the same hotel, except when transiting.
Screenings will be done at the airport and those with symptoms, or those traveling with someone with symptoms, must pay for and get a coronavirus test. The government may also conduct random screenings at its own expense. Tourists requiring testing at the airport will stay in a transit facility until their results are available.
Visitors must be met by a representative of tourist facility, and airport transportation must be prebooked.
The Coronavirus Outbreak ›
Frequently Asked Questions
Updated August 27, 2020
What should I consider when choosing a mask?
- There are a few basic things to consider. Does it have at least two layers? Good. If you hold it up to the light, can you see through it? Bad. Can you blow a candle out through your mask? Bad. Do you feel mostly OK wearing it for hours at a time? Good. The most important thing, after finding a mask that fits well without gapping, is to find a mask that you will wear. Spend some time picking out your mask, and find something that works with your personal style. You should be wearing it whenever you’re out in public for the foreseeable future. Read more: What’s the Best Material for a Mask?
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
- In the beginning, the coronavirus seemed like it was primarily a respiratory illness — many patients had fever and chills, were weak and tired, and coughed a lot, though some people don’t show many symptoms at all. Those who seemed sickest had pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome and received supplemental oxygen. By now, doctors have identified many more symptoms and syndromes. In April, the C.D.C. added to the list of early signs sore throat, fever, chills and muscle aches. Gastrointestinal upset, such as diarrhea and nausea, has also been observed. Another telltale sign of infection may be a sudden, profound diminution of one’s sense of smell and taste. Teenagers and young adults in some cases have developed painful red and purple lesions on their fingers and toes — nicknamed “Covid toe” — but few other serious symptoms.
Why does standing six feet away from others help?
- The coronavirus spreads primarily through droplets from your mouth and nose, especially when you cough or sneeze. The C.D.C., one of the organizations using that measure, bases its recommendation of six feet on the idea that most large droplets that people expel when they cough or sneeze will fall to the ground within six feet. But six feet has never been a magic number that guarantees complete protection. Sneezes, for instance, can launch droplets a lot farther than six feet, according to a recent study. It’s a rule of thumb: You should be safest standing six feet apart outside, especially when it’s windy. But keep a mask on at all times, even when you think you’re far enough apart.
I have antibodies. Am I now immune?
- As of right now, that seems likely, for at least several months. There have been frightening accounts of people suffering what seems to be a second bout of Covid-19. But experts say these patients may have a drawn-out course of infection, with the virus taking a slow toll weeks to months after initial exposure. People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins made in response to an infection. These antibodies may last in the body only two to three months, which may seem worrisome, but that’s perfectly normal after an acute infection subsides, said Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it’s highly unlikely that it would be possible in a short window of time from initial infection or make people sicker the second time.
I’m a small-business owner. Can I get relief?
- The stimulus bills enacted in March offer help for the millions of American small businesses. Those eligible for aid are businesses and nonprofit organizations with fewer than 500 workers, including sole proprietorships, independent contractors and freelancers. Some larger companies in some industries are also eligible. The help being offered, which is being managed by the Small Business Administration, includes the Paycheck Protection Program and the Economic Injury Disaster Loan program. But lots of folks have not yet seen payouts. Even those who have received help are confused: The rules are draconian, and some are stuck sitting on money they don’t know how to use. Many small-business owners are getting less than they expected or not hearing anything at all.
What are my rights if I am worried about going back to work?
The United States is not on the list of green countries for travel to Malta, however, anyone can enter the country if they first spend 14 days in an approved country. That means that American can travel to Croatia or the United Arab Emirates, for instance, and after spending 14 days there, travel to Malta.
Many Mexican states are open only for essential services, while others are allowed to operate at reduced capacity. However, some local authorities have also imposed their own restrictions, so would-be travelers should check with local sources for the latest updates.
American citizens might be blocked from returning to the United States under a proposal being considered by President Trump that would allow border officials to temporarily refuse entry to a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident if the employee suspects the traveler might have Covid-19.
North Macedonia is open to Americans with no testing or quarantine restrictions.
Americans must have a completed travel registration and proof of a negative test taken within the past seven days. They also need confirmed reservations at a coronavirus-certified accommodation provider.
Screenings will be conducted at the airport. Those without symptoms must take a certified taxi to their accommodations, and are required to remain on the grounds during their stay except to participate in water-based excursions arranged by the hotel.
Those over age 10 arriving from the United States must have a completed health declaration form and have proof of a negative test taken within 72 hours of travel.
Travelers are asked to bring a thermometer, mask and hand sanitizer, and Americans must upload daily information about their body temperature and any flu-like symptoms for 14 days. Travel insurance is required and it’s recommended that it include coverage for coronavirus-related expenses.
Visitors from the United States must have a pre-arrival travel form completed and show a negative test for the virus taken within the previous seven days. Another test will be given upon arrival.
Travelers also must have proof of five nights of paid accommodation at an approved hotel, and must quarantine there for five days, then receive another virus test before being allowed to leave the hotel. At the discretion of health officials, visitors may be required to quarantine for a total of 14 to 21 days at a facility or a home.
All travelers must monitor their temperature for two weeks and report any changes to health authorities.
In-transit passengers must have proof a negative test taken five days before travel and must stay at the airport or at a government approved hotel while awaiting their connection.
All coronavirus-related entry restrictions have been lifted for Serbia, though the country continues to have high rates of infection.
Passengers arriving on an international flight to Tanzania must complete a Health Surveillance Form and undergo screening, including a possible Covid-19 test.
The country is open to Americans with no travel restrictions. Health screening and possible testing may be conducted at the airport.
The Turks and Caicos Islands is requiring a negative test result taken within five days of travel for anyone over age 10. Visitors also must have insurance that covers any Covid-19 related medical costs. A Travel Authorization Form that will ask health questions must be completed by all passengers before boarding a plane to the islands.
Ukraine currently classifies the United States as a country with a high incidence of coronavirus, which means that U.S. travelers should be prepared to take a virus test upon arrival or self-quarantine for two weeks at their own expense. Test results are emailed within 24 hours, and passengers should self-quarantine until the results are sent to health authorities.
The government is using a four-color scale (green, yellow, orange and red) to identify the virus risk in each region, and quarantine orders may differ by color.
U.S. citizen must have medical insurance covering all expenses related to possible Covid-19 treatment.
Travelers must have proof of a negative PCR test taken within 96 hours of their flight in order to board a commercial aircraft to the country. Many passengers are also tested upon arrival, and some may need to self quarantine or may be sent to a quarantine facility. The U.S. embassy says all people arriving in the U.A.E. are urged to self quarantine for 14 days. International health insurance is also required.
While Dubai is open, those wanting to enter Abu Dhabi must show proof of a test conducted in the previous 48 hours, or schedule an appointment for a blood test.
Fines for violators can range from $250 to more than $27,000.
Anyone arriving from the United States must be prepared to isolate for 14 days, or face a penalty of up to $1,250. Passengers transiting in an airport are exempt, as are those going directly from one port to another; for instance, from Heathrow to Eurostar.