LONDON — The Guardian newspaper said it would stop accepting advertisements from oil and gas companies, making it the latest institution to limit financial ties to fossil fuel businesses.
The announcement, the first of its kind for a British newspaper, highlights how the risk of climate change is increasingly recognized and discussed in the business world, just days after the subject took center stage at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
“Our decision is based on the decades-long efforts by many in that industry to prevent meaningful climate action by governments around the world,” said Anna Bateson, the acting chief executive, and Hamish Nicklin, the chief revenue officer, in a statement on Wednesday.
The newspaper said in October that it would stop referring to “climate change” and use a term like “climate emergency” or “climate crisis” instead. “We need to tackle it now, and every day matters,” Katharine Viner, the editor in chief, said at the time.
The Guardian is owned by a charity, the Scott Trust, which has already shifted its investments away from fossil fuel investments. Fossil fuel-related investments now make up less than 1 percent of its fund, the newspaper said. The Guardian Media Group has also committed to getting its emissions down to net zero by 2030.
The Guardian and its Sunday paper, The Observer, rely on advertising for about 40 percent of their revenue, and advertisements from fossil fuel companies are worth about 500,000 pounds, or about $655,000, to the company.
BP, Shell, Chevron, Exxon Mobil and Total spent about £3.7 million on print advertising in Britain in 2019, according to Nielsen AdIntel.
The executives conceded that the company could have taken bigger steps to put pressure on the companies that advertised with them.
“Of course we know some readers would like us to go further, banning ads for any product with a significant carbon footprint, such as cars or holidays,” Ms. Bateson and Mr. Nicklin wrote in their blog explaining the reasons behind the decision. “Stopping those ads would be a severe financial blow, and might force us to make significant cuts to Guardian and Observer journalism around the world.”
Greenpeace, which had petitioned for an end to advertising in the media by oil companies, said other media, arts and sports organizations should follow suit.
“For too long fossil fuel giants like BP and Shell, who are causing our climate emergency, have been able to get away with green wash advertising while investing 97 percent of their business in oil and gas,” said Mel Evans, a senior climate campaigner for Greenpeace UK, in a statement. “Oil and gas firms now find themselves alongside tobacco companies as businesses that threaten the health and well-being of everyone on this planet.”
The advocacy group 350.org, which works to raise awareness about the danger of climate change, urged other media companies to follow The Guardian’s lead.
There has been a growing shift against accepting money more broadly from fossil fuel giants by institutions across the arts. Last year, British artists, including Antony Gormley and Anish Kapoor, called on the National Portrait Gallery in London to cut ties with BP. The actor Mark Rylance resigned from a position at the Royal Shakespeare Company because it accepted money from BP to subsidize tickets for young people.
The decision by The Guardian reflected an effort across all industries to grapple with increasing public awareness of the dangers of climate change and demand for action, said Douglas McCabe, the chief executive and director of publishing and tech at Enders Analysis, a research service.
“The public perception has changed,” Mr. McCabe said.
“They expect their cultural institutions, they expect their media, to be responsible citizens,” he said, predicting that other newspapers would follow The Guardian. “There is a visibility to the issue that was not there even one year ago.”
The concern has spread to central banks. The Bank of England announced in December that it would test the resilience of banks and insurers to different climate outcomes. In public remarks on Thursday, Mark Carney, the bank’s governor, emphasized that the exercise was designed to change strategy within financial firms. He said he expected other central banks around the world to perform similar exercises.
The chief executives of major European oil companies have reacted to the criticism by saying that they are working to reshape their companies into producers of energy that generates lower amounts of greenhouse gases, but that this shift will require decades, the cooperation of governments and a range of industries, and acceptance by consumers.
“We cannot go faster than society. We cannot sell what customers don’t want,” Ben van Beurden, chief executive of Royal Dutch Shell, Europe’s largest oil company, said during a call with reporters on Thursday.
Mr. van Beurden characterized the move to lower-carbon energy as “a system challenge of unimaginable proportions that can only be done if we have collaboration at levels not yet displayed.”
Mr. van Beurden said Shell was slowly building a portfolio of lower-carbon energy sources like natural gas and electric power generation, but he conceded that the industry had work to do to make clear to the public that it was working seriously on solutions for climate change.
“The sector needs to do more to explain how it is serving society,” he said.